The tree fern pictures below show a selection of
the amazing diversity of native tree ferns in New Zealand.
ferns plants grow in a variety of habitats, although
most are found in damp shady sites beneath tree canopies,
growing in well drained rich loamy soils up the sides
of gullies in New Zealand native bush.
all New Zealand tree ferns require shade and shelter.
Exceptions include the black ponga (Cyathea medullaris)
which will tolerate a more open sunny site and the fast-growing
wheki tree fern (Dicksonia squarrosa) which can stand
some wind and sun if soils are reliably moist. A minimum
winter temperature of -2°c is advised for growing
New Zealand tree fern species.
New Zealand silver fern is especially well-known as
New Zealand's emblem. The silver fern leaf underside
is most striking.